Favorite ESP8266 Internet of Things Projects

So many good uses for these chips, here are a few I’ve made and some I still intend to.

  1. ESP Easy – by far the easiest way to connect a bunch of cheap sensors to an esp8266. I have about 6 of these doing various things.
  2. Bed Occupancy Sensor – FSR sensor for pressure and a simple automation to determine bed occupancy
  3. WiFi Candle Using multiple WS2812 addressable LEDs to create a simple lamp that flickers like a candle.
  4. Notification Flag – Raise a flag based on a simple condition. Would be nice to combine in tandem with…
  5. Mailbox Sensor – Notify when mailbox is opened.
  6. DIY Milight Hub – I’ve been using this and it works great. Control as many cheap Chinese RGB bulbs as you want.
  7. Simple Water Alarm – If water shorts the wires, it wakes a sleeping esp8266 and sounds the alarm
  8. Door/Window Monitor – Along the same lines, a simple magnetic switch monitors the status of a window or door.
  9. Smart Power Strip – Retrofitting a power strip with 2 banks of controllable outlets, using 3D printed parts.
  10. Weather Station Display – Another super cool 3D printed project that plugs in and displays info on a small screen.

My favorite form factor of the esp8266 is the Wemos D1 Mini. Tiny, all the inputs you need, and there are many premade ‘shields’ for it so you can stack components.


Big List of Useful Home Automation Nodes for Node-Red

An ongoing list of nodes I have found useful for constructing home automation flows. I have not included device platform nodes, as all state tracking and actions are performed in Home Assistant.

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The Open Source Smart Home: Getting Started with Home Assistant & Node-Red

Home Assistant is one of the most interesting open source projects I’ve ever come across. It interfaces with any device, platform, or service you can think of. It can connect all of your devices to make a truly smart home. With a little creativity almost anything is possible with Home Assistant, and best of all it’s private and totally under your control.

After using Hass to control my smart home for the last year, I started to hit the limitations of its YAML-based configuration. Any automation that was even moderately complicated required a lot of pieces spread out through the configuration files (see the sprawling “Creating an Alarm Clock” thread on the HA forums for an example). Doing simple things like if-then or a  loop required awkward workarounds. As my automations (and ambitions) increased in complexity, so did the time I spent trying to figure out what was going on.

That’s when I discovered Node-Red, a visual programming tool developed by IBM. Node-Red is the perfect complement to Home Assistant, allowing for very complicated logic to be constructed visually through a simple “flow” interface. It integrates seamlessly with Home Assistant. Let’s set it up.

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Presence Detection Part 1: Home Assistant & Bayesian Probability

One of the most useful things to track for home automation is whether anyone is home or not. If you want the lights to turn off when no one is home, the vacuum robot to run when you’re at work, or the heat to come on before you arrive home on a cold night you need to reliably be able to tell if the house is occupied.

How can we track the state of something that is not directly observable? We can’t plug ourselves directly into the internet (…yet). After trying several approaches to monitoring presence, I’ve come up with a method that is very near 100% reliable.

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My Smart Home: Hardware List

An ongoing list of all the hardware I’ve gradually acquired. Links are to Amazon, but if you are patient most things can be imported from China for much cheaper.

Want to get started in home automation for cheap? Check out my $200 DIY Smart Home Shopping List to get started with a great foundation of hardware for use with Home Assistant. Control devices over WiFi, Bluetooth, infrared, Z-Wave, Zigbee, RF, and build some basic sensors – all for less than most kits from one proprietary vendor!

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